Statistical data


Forest inventory

Forest and other wooded land by classification (hectares)
Forest land 347,069,000
Other wooded land 40,865,660
Other land with tree cover 8,498,940
Total area 396,433,600
Forest area change (hectares, 2016)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 37,000
Agriculture 12,300
Forestry 1,400
Mining, oil and gas 12,300
Built-up 6,600
Hydroelectric 4,500
Forest ownership
Provincial 76.6%
Territorial 12.9%
Private 6.2%
Aboriginal 2.0%
Federal 1.6%
Growing stock (million cubic metres)
Total volume 47,320


Insects (hectares, 2016)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 15,489,117
Fires (2017)
Area burned (hectares) 3,371,833
Number of fires 5,611

Forest management

Harvesting (2016)
Area harvested (hectares) 766,659
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 156,743,605
Regeneration (hectares, 2016)
Area planted 410,221
Area seeded 15,790
Third-party certification (hectares, 2017)
Area certified 169,865,528
Protected forest (IUCN categories)
Ia Strict nature reserve 0.10%
Ib Wilderness area 1.90%
II Ecosystem conservation and protection 4.20%
III Conservation of natural features 0.50%
IV Conservation through active management 0.20%
V Landscape conservation and recreation 0.02%

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2016)
Removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -0.4
Total emissions due to deforestation (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 9.7
For managed forests (2016)
Area of managed forests (hectares) 226,000,000
Total net emissions or removals to the atmosphere, all causes (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 77.6
Net emissions or removals due to natural disturbances (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) 97.7
Net emissions or removals due to human forest management activities and from harvested wood products (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -20.1
Transfers from the managed forest sector to the forest products sector due to harvesting (CO2e/yr, megatonnes) -164.3

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2017)
Forestry and logging industry 4,315,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 8,900,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 11,395,000,000
Total contribution to nominal GDP 24,610,000,000
Contribution to real GDP (constant 2007 dollars, 2017)
Forestry and logging industry 4,437,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 7,225,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 10,113,000,000
Total contribution to real GDP 21,775,000,000
Employment (number, 2017)
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours 186,838
Canadian System of National Accounts 209,940
Natural Resources Satellite Account 232,549
Direct and indirect employment 317,320
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2016) 9,925,914,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2017) 2,238,600,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2016) 2,734,200,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2016) 65,234,075,000


Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2017) 24,242,012,823
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2017)
Primary wood products 1,442,093,949
Pulp and paper products 17,499,724,460
Wood-fabricated materials 16,729,745,639
Total value of exports 35,671,564,048
Value of imports (dollars, 2017) 11,429,551,225

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2017)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,336,500
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 66,860,400
Newsprint (tonnes) 3,054,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 2,975,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 16,302,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 8,855,194
Consumption (2017)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,422,275
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 24,746,563
Newsprint (tonnes) 235,101
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 1,342,309
Wood pulp (tonnes) 7,082,324
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 4,273,348
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